In recent years, IT has come to play an important role in companies. So successful execution of business processes often depends on mission-critical IT-solutions. Managing such IT is challenging. Companies have to keep up with rapid developments, but also consider long-term consequences while doing so. How do they survive in the long run without surrendering in the short run? What should be done in-house? What should be bought from external providers? How should they allocate scarce IT resources?
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This study examines 663 divestiture announcements in Australia from 1987 to 1997. Such Australian data allow independent tests of numerous hypotheses documented in comparable studies on U.S. data. Valuation effects in response to such announcements are consistently, however weakly, positive for both the divesting parents and the acquiring firms.
The purpose of this thesis is to investigate if an investor can apply Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT) in order to achieve a higher return than investing in an index portfolio. Combining a strong portfolio that beats the market in the longrun would be the ultimate goal for most investors.The theories that are used to analyze [...]
This paper examines the impact of messaging and technical standards on competition in the supply of se-curities transaction management services. Two simple switching cost models are used to clarify the im-pact of standards on barriers to entry and on the incentives to adopt harmonised and simplified securities processing standards. Policy implications are discussed briefly. Introduction: [...]
The report examine whether exchange rate movements affect firms’ values and the impact of hedging on exchange rate exposure and the market value of firms. In the first essay, I empirically examine the firm-specific exchange rate exposure of Japanese multinational corporations (MNC). Exchange rate exposure is defined as the effect of exchange rate changes on [...]
The relative low interest rate in the first part of the new millennium spurred on demand for mortgage financing and by extension also fueled the housing market, primarily in the United States. Subprime loans were incorporated into and repackaged into various ABS. As the house prices declined and the subprime mortgages resetting at increasingly higher [...]
The backdrop of this dissertation is one ubiquitous element of everyday life: the stock market. Traditionally, accounting and stock markets are logically coordinate entities and this thesis analyzes how accounting supports private investors in their role as shareholders – as investors in shares and owners of companies. This analysis is carried out in four independent essays.
This document reports the currently used term structure estimation method at the Bank of Finland and discusses interpretation of the results it generates. We start by introducing two widely used term structure estimation methods: the Cubic Spline Function method and the Nelson-Siegel approach. We compare their results, paying special attention to the smoothness of forward [...]
We ask which part of the observed cross-country differences in the level of per capita income can be accounted for by monopoly rights in the labour market. We answer this question in a calibrated growth model with two final goods sectors. The novel feature being that monopoly rights in the capital-producing sector shield insiders from [...]
This paper deals with optimal payment systems. The issue boils down to how large are the costs of different payment media, which can be interpreted as a question of the efficiency of the means of payment. However, there are other qualifications related to the choice of payment media. Here, at least three issues can be [...]